Pavel Vejvanovský (1633/39-1694)

Vejvanovský is a hugely important figure in the history of Czech music, not only as a trumpet virtuoso and composer of mixed success, but because he helped to copy and maintain the music library of the prince-bishop of Olomouc, Karl Liechtenstein-Castelcorno (today preserved at the bishop’s residence at Kromeríž). This collection remains one of the most important single surviving collections of seventeenth-century music. Vejvanovský was probably born in Hukvaldý or Hlucin in Moravia and was educated at the Jesuit college at Opava (also in Moravia). His trumpeting talents were apparent even before his appointment (1664?) to the influential Liechtenstein-Castelcorno. The exact date of his court appointment is unknown, but the court took interest is his training even before he was employed at court. Vejvanovský was certainly employed by 1665 at the latest, though the Bishop’s administrator had paid for him to study for a time in Vienna.